Once upon a time, in Grammarton, there was a family of units of linguistic form called the Particles. There was Up, In, On, Down and Out. They were closely related to a much larger family called Verbs (you’ve met them, I’m sure: Take, Give, Make, Lend, Regurgitate, Gesticulate and Assassinate among many others) and often helped them out to create new instances of form-
However, one cloudy day, a somewhat shifty, shadowy and shuffling family arrived in Grammarton: the Noun Phrases. These were headed up by the unpleasant Nouns with their scrawny sidekicks, the Determiners and Quantifiers. They marched over to Phrasal Verb hall where the Particles were happily combining with the Verbs and said, ‘Oi, we wanna be part of this!’ And straight away they pushed themselves in between the Verbs and Particles and suddenly everything in Grammarton was ‘lend [these clothes] out’, ‘make [those five stories] up’ and ‘tell [my nephew] off’.
Well the Verbs and the Particles were far from happy with this and pushed right back at ’em: ‘We like being next to each other, it’s how it’s always been’. There was to-ing and fro-
But then, a little while later, an every shiftier, shadowier and shufflinger family arrived in Grammarton: the Pronouns. And they weren’t up for negotiation. They straightaway pushed themselves in between the Verbs and the Particles and wouldn’t take no for an answer. It was all ‘lend [them] out’ and ‘give [it] up’ and not single instance of *‘lend out [it]’ or *‘give up [it]’. However terrible, with all these Pronouns in Grammarton the Verbs and the Particles hardly ever got to see each other. And everyone was really fed up with it!
Wait a minute, said one of the Particles suddenly! That’s the answer! I don’t want to be fed up with it any more