Arunta noun roots are generally short, often simple open monosyllables, e.g.
Compounding is head final, hence
part“part of a rabbit”
Plurals are formed by reduplication, e.g.
However, if reduplication results in words of more than three syllables, the last is often elided, hence
Collective nouns are formed with the suffix -i, which phonologically forms a diphthong when following a vowel
COLL“colony of rabbits”vaiva-ipart- COLL“group of parts”gavaiga-va-irabbit- part- COLL“collection of rabbit parts”
These pluralise in the usual way
COLL~PL“rabbit colonies”vaivaiva-i~vaipart- COLL~PL“groups of parts”gavaigaga-va- i~garabbit- part- COLL~PL“collections of rabbit parts”
However, when the collective suffix is applied to a word that is already plural, this indicates that the members of the group are considered to form a unified whole, as in
part~PL- COLL“collection of undetached rabbit parts”
Because of the preponderance of monosyllabic roots in Arunta, the idea of “the parts of a thing considered as a whole” is often used suppletively to refer to the thing itself, hence