This 63rd collection of students’ pearls of wisdom, laboriously digitised from hand-
An adjective is adjunct to the NP. It can disappear.
Grammatical gender is decided according to the sex of the noun.
In English, gender is covert because it plays an insignificant role. English only has masculine, feminine and neuter gender.
‘money’ is not a mass noun because we can count money.
‘cow’ is a count noun, which means it can be replicated in number. It is also an Adj. and can have the suffix -ed (past tense). cow+s is the singular tense.
The word readjusted cannot be split into morphemes. read and just do not contribute to the meaning of the word.
The English genitive morpheme is /’/. It is a bound form. Minimal pairs, however, can be bound forms or free forms.
Morphemes only have meaning with auxiliary units chained together.
Morphemes are always bound forms because it is meaningless in itself, it must be part of a complex word. There would be no morphemes without complex words.
Morphyms keep their meaning in different contexts but phonyms lose their meaning from context to context.
Allomomorphs are conditioned by the phonological context, hence their name.
A suffix means that the requirement for a different meaning appears at the end, whereas a post premodifier gives more information of the head.
More to come...