This 61st collection of students’ pearls of wisdom, laboriously digitised from hand-
The word ten can be pronounced as transcribed* below, in these utterances:
ten dots [ten] ten bins [tem] tens [ten] ten cots [teŋ] tenpins [tem]
Describe the pattern that you observe in the data.
Back vowels ‘i’ and ‘o’ of the following word after ‘ten’ will determine the nasal consonant of ‘ten’.
Plosive bilabial, closed front vowel, nasal.
The coda is +dental, so the pronunciation differs when the consonant after the word is plosives. The pronunciation of the whole word changes.
Single voiceless plosives in word-
Plosives after onset position are -coronal. Fricative consonant is omitted after /n/.
The nature of pronunciation of pins and bins is known as ‘bilabial’. Ten is the natural form, thus transcripted as [ten]. Words like tenpins and ten bins will have the transcription [tem].
All of them are plosive sounds and are affected by aspiration. Single word-
[+nasal] are [+voice] in word-
The data shows that ten is pronounced with [+nasal], [+stop] and [+sonorant] after the vowel ‘e’.
The data shows that consonants are nasal after a vowel.
If the initial word is a bilabial consonant, the mind prepares you to pronounce the next consonants or vowels.
Consonant sounds after the first peak in a word are nasal. ‘n’ is pronounced differently if a plosive comes after it.
The pronunciation of /n/ depends on whether it is a word-
Plosives after the sound /e/ changes based on whether its [+labial] or [-labial].
When the onset of the second syllable is bilabials, the coda of the first syllable will be nasal. When the onset of the second syllable is velar, the coda of the first syllable will be nasal. When the onset of the second syllable is plosive, the coda of the first syllable will be nasal.
The transcriptions share begin onset /t/, peak /e/ and coda of /m, ŋ, n/ which are nasal. For example, for ten bins, due to the onset of second syllable replicates the articulation that of m, it is pronounced to be so.
For compounded words, the coda of the first syllable is [-coronal] if the onset of the second is plosive. When the last consonant is fricative, or there is a pause between words, only then do we fully articulate the /n/ which is [+coronal].
More to come...
* The interested and/or confused reader may note that, as becomes apparent through the various scholarly works published from time to time in an outfit attracting international attention such as ours, our linguistic brethren across the big pond are not only separated from us by a common language, but also by a common transcription system. Thus, caveat lector
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