This 44th collection of students’ pearls of wisdom, laboriously digitised from hand-
The word ten can be pronounced as transcribed* below, in these utterances:
ten dots [ten] ten bins [tem] tens [ten] ten cots [teŋ] tenpins [tem]
Describe the pattern that you observe in the data.
Nasal consonants occur immediately after the vowel [e].
The data shows that when the second syllable is a plosive, the coda of the first syllable changes.
For headed compounds, ‘n’ is pronounced as [-high] and [-back]. Non-
Should two consonantal sounds occur together, both must be either labial or non-
The first word-
[+stop +nasal] sounds are in word-
In ten bins, the n can be assimilated by bins into [m]. This assimilation is retrospective in nature.
The sounds /m, n, ŋ/ are phonemes which can be identified in the data as they occur in contrastive distribution and are distinctive sounds. They are proceeded by /e/ as the syllable peak and followed by other phonemes.
The fricatives and plosives that occur immediately after the nasal sound /n/ in /ten/ is altered into a nasal, i.e., they are not pronounced.
The last consonant is +nasal +sonorant +stop -low -front -dental +voice.
The consonants in the word-
Nasal consonants are voiced in the word-
Ten is [teŋ] when after it is a plosives [c], and bilabial when coupled with bilabials [n] and [p] before it.
Nasal alveolars preceding a plosive sound, without a pause, becomes a labial or velar as the tongue blade is no longer involved.
The pattern shows minimal pair between ‘ten’ and ‘tem’, ‘tens’ and ‘ten dots’, ‘ten bins’ and ‘tenpins’, respectively.
More to come...
* The interested and/or confused reader may note that, as becomes apparent through the various scholarly works published from time to time in an outfit attracting international attention such as ours, our linguistic brethren across the big pond are not only separated from us by a common language, but also by a common transcription system. Thus, caveat lector
|From the Archives!
|Thirteen Untranslatable Words
|SpecGram Vol CLXX, No 3 Contents|