This 16th collection of students’ pearls of wisdom, laboriously digitised from hand-
[æ] is a monothong.
[æ] is a voiced front sornanant, low.
In [æ], the vibration of the audible friction is lax.
[ɒ] occurs at the lower part of the mouth.
In [ɒ] the airflow comes out like a plosive.
[ɒ] is a voiced bilabial auxillary.
[ɔː] is a voiced, back, elongated vowel.
[ɔː] is a voiced palato sonorant.
[ɔː]: the teeth come together, the tongue is in front.
[ɔɪ] is a long neutral unrounded vowel dipthong.
For [eɪ] the body of the diphthong is raised.
In [eɪ] the tongue has to be refracted to produce e after ɪ. The trajectory moves into vocoid space.
In the production of [eɪ] the tongue is not rounded.
With [eɪ] air escapes through the gap made smoothly.
[j] is a voiced palato-
[j] is a palatized nasal.
[l]: the air is allowed to pass through by the side of the lips.
[l] is a voiced velar affricate.
In [w], the body of the tongue meets the palette.
[w] is a [-palato] because the soft palate is not raised.
For [w], the back of the tongue is raised and is voiced.
For [r], the tongue tip bends downwards and the blade of the tongue touches the soft palate.
In [r], tongue hurls against the hard palete, without causing any audible friction to be heard.
[f] is a voiceless biolabial fricative. The airstream goes out smoothly with audible friction.
[ʃ] is a plato-
[ʃ] is an alveolar-
[ʃ] is a plateo-
[s] is voiceless and [z] is voiced. They are minimal pairs.
In [k] the black of the tongue is curled back.
[p] is a voiceless bilateral stop.
In bilabial sounds such as [m] and other labiadental sounds [θ] the back of the tongue forms a complete closure with the soft palate.
In [+ nasals] sounds the soft palette is raised. The velum is raised so that no air escapes the nasal cavity.
There is tapping in [b] and [m], which are bilabial plosives.
[t] is [+stop] and [+coronary]. The tip of the tongue comes into control with the alveolar ridge.